Basal Cell Tumors

Basal Cell Tumors

Overview: Basal cell tumors are the most common type of skin cancer, often affecting the external ear. These tumors are generally non-cancerous but can be locally invasive if not treated promptly.

Causes:

  • Prolonged sun exposure is the primary cause, especially affecting the upper portion of the exposed ear.
  • More common in elderly individuals and those with fair skin.

Symptoms:

  • Circular raised areas of skin with central crater-like ulcerations.
  • Slow-growing and usually painless.
  • May appear as pearly nodules that can become ulcerated in the center.

Diagnosis:

  • Visual examination by a healthcare professional.
  • Biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment:

  • Early Stages: Surgical excision or local curettage (scraping away the tumor).
  • Advanced Stages: More extensive surgery may be required if the tumor is ignored and allowed to grow.

Prognosis:

  • High cure rate if treated early.
  • Generally, do not metastasize (spread to other parts of the body).

Prevention:

  • Limit sun exposure and use sunscreen on exposed areas of the skin.
  • Regular check-ups for early detection and treatment.
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